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GLAD

Pinus nigra

(Austrian pine)

(Black pine)

​​​​​​GARDENS

Zone: 4 to 7

Height: 40.00 to 60.00 feet

Spread: 20.00 to 40.00 feet

Bloom Time: Non-flowering

Bloom Description: Non-flowering

Sun: Full sun

Water: Medium

Maintenance: Medium

Leaf: Evergreen

Other: Winter Interest

Tolerate: Deer, Air Pollution

Grow in deep, moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some drought once established. Also tolerates clay soils. Generally tolerant of urban conditions.




Austrian pine is a medium to large conifer that is native from central and southeastern Europe to western Asia. It grows 40-60’ tall over time (less frequently to 100’). Trees exhibit a dense pyramidal habit in youth. Crown rounds with age forming a spreading flat top or dome. From an ornamental standpoint, older trees can be quite attractive, featuring dense spreading branching, stiff dark green needles (3-6” long) in bundles of two and plate-like, furrowed, dark brown to black bark. Oval, stalkless cones (to 3” long) mature to brown. Also commonly called European black pine (nigra means black).